| Abstract|| |
A 16-year-old boy was detected with acute myeloid leukemia (AML - M0) with bone marrow pathology showing 85% blasts in February 07, 1997. He received two cycles of induction chemotherapy (3+7 protocol) with daunomycin and cytosar, following which he achieved incomplete remission with bone marrow aspirate showing 14% blasts. Subsequently, the patient received two cycles of high-dose cytosine arabinoside Ara-C and achieved remission. However, his disease relapsed on August 29, 1997. Peripheral blood smear showed 6% blast cells and bone marrow showed 40% blast cells. The patient refused further chemotherapy and/or bone marrow transplant and volunteered for Ayurvedic therapy (AYT) advocated by the author from September 09, 1997. Bone marrow studies done after six months of AYT indicated that the disease was in remission. The AYT was continued for five years and stopped. Thereafter, the patient received intermittent maintenance AYT for three months in the next two years. At present, the patient is normal and healthy and has completed 12 years of disease-free survival with AYT.
Keywords: Ayurvedic, relapsed acute myeloid leukemia
|How to cite this article:|
Prakash B. Treatment of relapsed undifferentiated acute myeloid leukemia (AML-M0) with Ayurvedic therapy. Int J Ayurveda Res 2011;2:56-9
|How to cite this URL:|
Prakash B. Treatment of relapsed undifferentiated acute myeloid leukemia (AML-M0) with Ayurvedic therapy. Int J Ayurveda Res [serial online] 2011 [cited 2014 Aug 1];2:56-9. Available from: http://www.ijaronline.com/text.asp?2011/2/1/56/83184
| Introduction|| |
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common form of acute leukemia  and accounts for 15% of childhood leukemias.  Modern induction chemotherapy results in complete remission in 50 to 90% of patients with de novo disease, but between 10 and 25% of patients have primary refractory disease and the majority of those who gain remission relapses within 3 years of diagnosis.  The development of drug resistance is the limiting factor in the therapy of AML. Treatment of relapsed leukemia is difficult and well-controlled trials in this group of patients are uncommon.  There is scanty information available on long-term disease-free survival in AML patients with second relapse. We reported a case of high-risk AML patient who relapsed a second time after undergoing conventional therapy. Later, he received oral Ayurvedic treatment (AYT) along with supportive care and recovered.
| Case Report|| |
A 16-old-boy was admitted in the Dharamshila Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, New Delhi, on February 05, 1997 with complaints of bone pains for the last 2 months and fever for last one month. His bone marrow aspiration study done earlier from Indraprastha Apollo Hospital on February 07, 1997 suggested acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) L2. However, immunophenotyping study diagnosed it as AML - M0. The bone marrow pathology showed 85% blast. The patient was given two cycles of induction chemotherapy (3+7 protocol) with daunomycin and cytosine arabinoside cytosar , following which the patient achieved incomplete remission with bone marrow aspirate showing 14% blast. Subsequently, patient received two cycles of high-dose cytosine arabinoside Ara-C . The bone marrow study done on May 21, 1997 after the completion of first cycle showed less than 1% blast cells. The patient completed the second cycle of chemotherapy on June 01, 1997. During chemotherapy, the patient had 3 to 4 episodes of infection for which antibiotic coverage was given along with supportive care. However, bone marrow studies done on August 29, 1997 indicated relapse of the disease. Peripheral blood smear showed 6% blast cells and bone marrow showed 40% blast cells. The option of further chemotherapy and/or bone marrow transplant was discussed with the patient. However, the caregivers of the patient did not consent for any of the two options. The patient volunteered for the Ayurvedic therapy that started from September 09, 1997.
The patient was given oral AYT comprising of Navjeevan, Valapani, Kamdhuda,  Prak-20,  etc . The patients was given supportive therapy for fever and infection time to time after getting culture and drug sensitivity test under the guidance of a competent MD, modern medicines. No other Ayurvedic medicines were given. The details of the medicines are given in [Table 1]. These medicines were found to be effective in the treatment of leukemia patients.  The patient was clinically asymptomatic at the time of the start of the AYT. The patient tolerated the therapy well and cytopathology studies done about 6 months after the start of AYT on March 09, 1998 showed about 1% blast cells in bone marrow, whereas no blast cell was found in peripheral blood. The patient continued the Ayurvedic therapy with regular follow-up. Patient was followed up on monthly basis. Apart from clinical condition, his body weight and CBC were checked on monthly basis using the same pathology run by a MD, pathology at Dehradun or Dr lal Path lab in Delhi. The peripheral blood smear study done at regular interval did not show any abnormality. The AYT was continued for five years and stopped. Thereafter, the patient received intermittent maintenance AYT, same as mentioned before, in the same doses for three months in the next two years.
In October 2007, the patient developed a testicular lesion suspected to be tuberculosis. However, cytology studies of the lesion, PCR analysis, and semen culture were all negative. The AYT was restarted for six months from November 2007. At present, the patient is normal and healthy and has completed 12 years of disease-free survival with AYT.
| Discussion|| |
AML can be co-related to Majja Kshaya described in Ayurveda. There is no concrete reference with me, except the teaching of my late father who experienced his first success in early 1960s and made his own interpretations. One may refer as traditional knowledge or hypothesis. And despite improvement in the remission rate and overall survival during the last 20 years or more, disease recurrence remains the most common cause of treatment failure.  In contrast to ALL, the progress in the therapy of childhood AML lags behind, with cure rates of approximately 40 to 60%.  Patients try various complementary and alternative medicines when the conventional options exhaust. Many leukemia patients in India try Ayurvedic therapy for treatment and palliation.  The present case indicates that the oral herbomineral Ayurvedic medicines can be effective in treatment of AML without producing any toxic side effects. As the patient has not taken any other therapy after his disease relapsed, we believe that the Ayurvedic therapy was responsible for the remission of his disease.
| Acknowledgement|| |
The author is thankful to Dr. Sanjoy Kumar Pal of Ipca Traditional Remedies Pvt. Ltd. for drafting this manuscript.
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